Thursday, March 19, 2020
Analysis of Program Prevent Diabetes Live Life Well Introduction Live Life Well program is a health program that New South Wales Ministry of Health uses in preventing or delaying the onset of type II diabetes mellitus among adults.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Analysis of Program Ã¢â¬Å"Prevent Diabetes Live Life WellÃ¢â¬ specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Since the incidences of diabetes in Australia are very high, it necessitates health promotion program, which helps people to prevent and manage their diabetic conditions with the objective of living a healthy and a happy life. Statistics show that, in Australia, diabetes mellitus accounts for about 5.5% of health burden, prevalent rates is approximately 8% among adults with ages of 16 and above, and 275 adults develop it daily in Australia. These figures show that type II diabetes mellitus is a serious health condition in Australia, which has led to the establishment of Live Life Well program. Given that type I I diabetes is common among adults, the program targets Australians aged between 50 to 65 years, who are likely to develop the diabetes. In this view, the report analyses Live Life Well program, a program that aims at preventing or delaying the occurrence of type II diabetes mellitus among adult Australians. Description of the Program Live Life Well is a preventive health program, which aims at preventing type II diabetes among adult Australians with ages between 50 and 65. The programs enable adults, who are risk of developing type II diabetes, to prevent or delay the occurrence of the diabetes in their lives.Advertising Looking for report on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In selection of participants, the program uses the Australian Type II Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool (AUSDRISK), which assesses the diabetic risk of adults between the ages of 50 and 65 years. Once assessed for the risk of develop ing type II diabetes, the participants go through a one-year program that guides them to perform a number lifestyle changes and monitors their progress. The lifestyle changes that the participants perform are reducing intakes of total and saturated fats, reducing weight, increasing physical activity, increasing intake of fibre, moderating alcohol, quitting smoking, and managing stress well (New South Wales Ministry of Health 2014). During the course of the program, general practitioners assess the progress of participants in line with the lifestyle changes that programs aim to achieve. Therefore, Live Life Well is a preventive program that focuses on lifestyle changes among adults in preventing or delaying the occurrence type II diabetes. Analysis of the programs indicates that it employs both primary and secondary preventive strategies, which aims at preventing or delaying the occurrence of type II diabetes among Australian adults with ages 50 and 65 years. National Public Health P artnership (2006) defines primary prevention as a strategy that reduces or eliminates risk factors that cause certain diseases and promote factors protect or sustain human health. Since Live Life Well program aims to reduce intakes of total and saturated fats, reduce weight, reduce alcohol consumption, eliminate smoking, and promote healthy lifestyles such as increasing fibre intake and physical exercise, it qualifies to be a primary preventive program.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Analysis of Program Ã¢â¬Å"Prevent Diabetes Live Life WellÃ¢â¬ specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, Live Life Well qualifies to be a secondary preventive program because it employs the strategies of secondary prevention. National Public Health Partnership (2006) also defines secondary prevention as a prevention strategy, which Ã¢â¬Å"aims to reduce the progression of disease through early detection, usually screening at an asymptomatic stage and early interventionÃ¢â¬ (p. 3). Live Life Well applies secondary prevention strategy because it assesses the risk of Australian adults to type II diabetes using AUSDRISK, a sensitive too, that detects type II diabetes at an asymptomatic stage. Moreover, the program applies comprehensive intervention measures to prevent or delay the onset of the type II diabetes among Australian adults, who have high risks. Characteristics of the Program Live Life Well is a prevention program that relies on behavioural changes among Australian adults. The program relies on behavioural changes in terms of lifestyles because type II diabetes is a lifestyle disease. Sharma and Majumdar (2009) state that type II diabetes is a lifestyle disease that emanates from physical inactivity and poor eating habits, which constitute behavioural factors. Excessive intake of total and saturated fats, smoking, lack of enough physical activity, overweight and obese, and excessive consumption o f alcohol are some of the behavioural factors that predispose people to type II diabetes.Advertising Looking for report on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since Live Life Well aims to reduce or eliminate these factors, it employs behavioural interventions. Vermunt et al. (2013) argue that behavioural change is a complex process because it requires the application of numerous interventions, which focus one health issue. This explains why Live Life Well program utilizes diet and major interventions of preventing or delaying the onset of type II diabetes. The analysis of the behavioural approach that the program uses indicates that it complies with health promotion values and principles. The values and principles of health promotion usually focus on the general population, the population at risk, or focus on both, depending on the determinants of health and target disease (Lardon et al. 2011). In this case, since the program focuses on the population at risk of developing type II diabetes, it applies health promotion values and principles that aim to prevent or delay the occurrence of the diabetes among Australian adults. Gregg and OÃ¢â ¬â¢Hara (2007) assert that in health promotion, the overarching principles that are applicable among the populations, which are at risk of developing certain diseases, are empowerment and participation. Empowerment of the population at risk enables them to understand healthy and unhealthy lifestyles that predispose them to certain diseases and thus provide the basis for them to make informed choices about their lifestyles and behaviours. According to Heritage and Dooris (2009), participation is an important principle in health promotion because it Ã¢â¬Å"emphasizes on the necessity of participation, with actions being carried out by and with people, not to the peopleÃ¢â¬ (p. 45). In this view, the program applies participation the principle participation because the participants perform virtually all activities while lifestyle officers and general practitioners merely guides and monitors the progress of the participants. Appraisal of the Program Live Life Well has two strengths, which make it an effective health promotion program. The first strength is that Live Life Well program applies the principle of empowerment in enabling and strengthening Australian adults to prevent or delay the onset of type II diabetes despite their susceptibility. World Health Organization (2010) states that the health promotion principle seeks to enable the target population to enhance control of their lives and their health choices. Fundamentally, the program empowers Australian adults, who are at risk of developing type II diabetes to prevent and delay the diabetes. The second strength is that Live Life Well supports participation of Australian adults in the prevention or delay of the onset of type II diabetes. Fienieg et al. (2012) state that for health promotion program to be effective, it must have purposeful action and personal development. Appraisal shows that Live Life Well has clear action and personal development milestones, which drive Australian adults to participat e actively for a period of one year. The weakness of the program in relation to the principles of empowerment and participation is insufficiency of the time to conduct the program. Geense et al. (2013) assert that time is a barrier that reduces the effectiveness of health promotion programs because public health officers do not have ample time to educate and monitor progress of participants appropriately. Appraisal of Live Life Well reveals that general practitioners and lifestyle officers can interest with the participants for a period of about 10 hours per year, which is quite negligible when compare to the period of the program. Such a short period of education and monitoring reduces empowerment and participation, which are central principles of health promotion. Thus, the amount of time that the program allocates to the participants is not sufficient for education, monitoring, and assessment. Enhancement of the Program Since type II diabetes does not only affect the old adults, the program needs to reduce the threshold for young adults from 45 to 35 years. Song and Hardisty (2009) early onset of type II diabetes at the age of below 40 years result in serious complications. Centres for Disease Control (2014) has made a significant impact in the prevention of diabetes among Americans because it incorporates numerous stakeholders such as healthcare professionals, insurers, community-based organizations, employers, and federal agencies in promoting behavioural changes that prevent or delay the occurrence of type II diabetes. In this view, Live Life Well should enhance its impact in the prevention and delay of type diabetes by incorporating additional stakeholders and increasing the amount of time it provides for teaching, monitoring, and assessment of participants. Conclusion Analysis of Live Life Well indicates that it is an effective program in the prevention and delay of type II diabetes among Australian adults because it employs both primary and secondary preventive strategies. Live Life Well is a preventive program that relies on behavioural changes in reducing or eliminating risk factors of type II diabetes or promoting healthy lifestyle among Australian adults. References Centers for Disease Control 2014, National Diabetes Prevention Program. Web. Fienieg, B., Nierkens, V, Tokens, E, Plochq, T, Stronks, K 2012, Ã¢â¬ËWhy play an active role? A qualitative examination of lay citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ main motives for participation in health promotionÃ¢â¬â¢, Health Promotion International, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 416-426. Geense, W, Glind, I, Visscher, T, Achterberg, T 2013, Ã¢â¬ËBarriers, facilitators and attitudes influencing health promotion activities in general practice: An explorative pilot studyÃ¢â¬â¢, BMC Family Practice, vol. 14, no. 20, pp. 1-10. Gregg, J, OÃ¢â¬â¢Hara, L 2007, Ã¢â¬ËValue and principles evident in current health promotion practiceÃ¢â¬â¢, Health Promotion Journal of Australia, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 7-11. Her itage, Z, Dooris, M 2009, Ã¢â¬ËCommunity participation and empowermentÃ¢â¬â¢, Health Promotion International, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 45-55. Lardon, C, Soule, S, Kernak, D, Lupie, H 2011, Ã¢â¬ËUsing strategic planning, and organizational development principle for health promotion in an Alaska Native communityÃ¢â¬â¢, Journal of Prevention Intervention in the Community, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 65-76. National Public Health Partnership 2006, The language of Prevention. Web. New South Wales Ministry of Health 2014, Live Life Well. Web. Sharma, M, Majumdar, P 2009. Occupational lifestyle diseases: An emerging issue. Indian Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 109-112. Song, S, Hardisty, C 2009, Ã¢â¬ËEarly onset type 2 diabetes mellitus: a harbinger for complications in later years: Clinical observation from a secondary care cohortÃ¢â¬â¢, International Journal of Medicine, vol. 102, no. 11, pp. 799-806. Vermunt, P, Milder, I, Wielaard, F, Baan, C, Schelfhout, J, Westert, G, Oers, H 2013, Ã¢â¬ËBehavior change in a lifestyle intervention for type 2 diabetes prevention in Dutch primary care: opportunities for intervention contentÃ¢â¬â¢, BMC Family Practice, vo. 14, no. 78, pp. 1-8. World Health Organization 2010, Milestones in Health Promotion: Statement from Global Conferences. Web.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Apply to, Apply for, and Apply with Apply to, Apply for, and Apply with Apply to, Apply for, and Apply with By Maeve Maddox How does one know which of these three idioms to use? Does an undergraduate apply for a graduate program or to it? Does a job applicant apply to a company or with it? The following examples illustrate mistaken use of Ã¢â¬Å"apply forÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"apply withÃ¢â¬ in contexts calling for Ã¢â¬Å"apply toÃ¢â¬ : Winston is applying for the teaching program at Harvard. Interested in applying with the worlds largest retailer? Customer Service Careers | Apply with DISH apply to This is the idiom to use when you are putting yourself forward as a candidate for something such as a course of study, or a job. You apply to graduate school. You apply to a company for employment. You apply to a bankÃ¢â¬â¢s loan department for a loan. apply for This is the expression to use if your intention is to obtain something. You apply for scholarship money. You apply for admission. You apply for a job. apply with The word with in this idiom implies agency, the means Ã¢â¬Å"by whichÃ¢â¬ you apply. You can apply with the click of a mouse. You can apply with a printed application. You can apply with a program like Compass, or a service like Monster. The correct usage for the three examples given above: Winston is applying to the teaching program at Harvard. Interested in applying to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest retailer? Customer Service Careers | Apply to DISH Here are some other uses of the verb apply, with and without dependent prepositions: apply paint to a surface apply ointment to a wound apply oneself to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s studies apply a cause to a quarrel apply a remedy to a problem apply a rule to a situation apply pressure to a wound apply pressure to a person apply oneÃ¢â¬â¢s talents apply a patch to a garment Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:How Many Tenses in English?Difference between "Pressing" and "Ironing"Honorary vs. Honourary
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Business and Political Trends in Japan and China - Research Paper Example Ã Among the biggest complaints that JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s trading partners have made over the years is that its domestic market is not as competitive as it should be. This assertion has been found to be true especially when one considers that the Japanese government is partly responsible for this lack of competition within its market. The Japanese government has adopted such hindering policies as the imposition of high tariffs as well as heavy regulations which have ensured that it is extremely difficult for other countries to conduct business within Japan (Mito & Sakurada, 2003). In addition, the extremely concentrated nature of the Japanese market has led to a situation where it is very difficult for companies from other countries to place their products within it which can effectively compete with domestic products; a factor which is essentially discouraging for foreign investors. It is mainly because of the abovementioned situations that it has become necessary for the Japanese govern ment to put in place those policies which not only encourage the deregulation of its markets but also works towards the development of stronger antitrust laws that aid all the businesses that operate within its economy. While it has been argued that the Japanese market is concentrated, this situation has come to be alleviated over the years as it has been reported that when compared to the market of the United States, the Japanese market has become less concentrated while that of the latter has essentially remained the same. Ã
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Contemporary issues in business - Essay Example Countries with citizens who still have problems in meeting basic needs like food, clothing, and housing are an ideal testing ground for the comprehension of Bottom of Pyramid. The most challenging issue to this strategy is defining those people who are said to be at the base of the pyramid, as there are those who earn less than two dollars a day, and there are those who earn slightly higher than two dollars a day, but are still languishing in poverty. Many companies especially the multinational corporations invest on Bottom of Pyramid, so as to lift the lives of billions of people out of poverty and desperations that seem to continue, if the gap between the rich and the poor continues to widen. For example, the Unilever Company is one of the companies that have adopted the Bottom of Pyramid as a corporate strategy. Many CEOs have come to look at this strategy with a new lens (Prahalad, 2010). There is some evidence that can be used to prove that the innovations in the Bottom of the P yramid can and have resulted to profitable business. Business leaders, who have adopted the Bottom of Pyramid strategy, have started to re-examine and see the role of business in the society. This strategy has provided a platform for global innovations, which have a lot of implications in the world of business today. Therefore, though the Bottom of Pyramid has its own shortcomings, it is a very important strategy that most organizations can adopt (Prahalad, 2010). What is Ã¢â¬Å"Bottom of Pyramid?Ã¢â¬ There have been many discussions on the concept of Ã¢â¬ËBottom of PyramidÃ¢â¬â¢ in business today and no precise definition has been put forward to define the concept. However, this concept was originally introduced Ã¢â¬Å"to draw attention to the 1-5 billion poor, who are unserved or underserved by the large organized private sector including multinational firmsÃ¢â¬ (Prahalad, 2010, p. 6). The main aim of the Bottom of Pyramid is to ensure that the rich, who are the ones occ upying the top of the pyramid would be sensitized to help those who are less fortunate, and who are the majority occupying the base of the pyramid. Kazmi defines it as a strategy that "refers to exploiting the opportunities that are believed to be available in serving the poorer sections of the society and also serving social objectivesÃ¢â¬ (2008, p. 207). Cited in Donohue, 2009. The above diagram is a representation of the rich occupying the top of the pyramid being the very few, and the poor occupying the base being the majority. In other words, it is a representation of how income in the world is distributed (Donohue, 2009). Thus, the Bottom of Pyramid refers to that population that leaves below the poverty line. How does the B.O.P Strategy Work? The term Bottom of Pyramid is said to be a relative term; it focuses on the strategies that companies can start to serve the populations, rather than un-serving and underserving them. When people say it is a relative term, it means th at, a person living at the Bottom Pyramid in China is different from someone living at the Bottom Pyramid in Somalia, though both are seen as living at the BOP, but in different contexts (Prahalad, 2010). This strategy also focuses on serving with approaches that are more profitable and relevant for application towards the bottom of the pyramid population. The debate on this issue will definitely continue before a very precise definitio
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Anita Brenner In 1905 Anita Brenner was born in Aguascalientes, Mexico. Her parents left Mexico in 1910 when the Mexican Revolution started. Anita was educated in the United States but never forgot the homeland that she loved. Anita's family moved back and forth from Mexico to Texas during the revolution, and then in 1916 they permanently settled in Texas. Anita understood what it was to be displaced from her homeland in times of war. Anita was of Jewish decent, her father had immigrated from Russia in the late 1880's her father and mother met in Chicago then moved to Aguascalientes. Even though she was not of Mexican decent she always considered herself to be Mexican. Her greatest influence of the Mexican culture was her nanny, Nana Serpia. The Mexican Revolution was something that happened when Brenner was very young but it continued to shape her for the rest of her life. Brenner wrote several books but Idols Behind Altars and The Wind that Swept Mexico were influential and publicly acclaimed. B renner also established a publication in 1955 called "Mexico"/ This Month. Brenner spent all of her years writing about Mexico its art, history, and culture. Anita Brenner loved Mexico and spent her life trying to teach mostly an American audience what Mexico was really about. Idols Behind Altars was Anita Brenner first book. It was about that arts and culture of Mexico. In the Introduction to the book Brenner wrote of the historical significance of the Mexican Revolution and what it was meant to accomplish. She wrote of the treachery of the ruling class and of the humble beginnings of the revolution. She wrote that, But the high-voltage current that blew up the works was the brutal and insolent disparity between money and position granted the native technician or professional man --the man of brains and cultivation -- vis-a-vis his foreign counterpart. This devaluation on the basis of, not exactly color, not exactly race, but the same thing really, cooked and rankled and set working the consciousness of skilled men thoroughly aware of their own capacities. They and people like them were among the most effective organizers of 1910-24. (into. 2 idols) This is how Anita Brenner described the people that started the revolution. She believed that the Revolution was bound to happen because of the way the land owners and politicians were running the government.
Friday, January 17, 2020
Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢JayÃ¢â¬â¢s TreatyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ JayÃ¢â¬â¢s Treaty is an agreement between John Jay, U. S. chief justice, special envoy, and William Grenville, a British foreign secretary. Signed in London, England, on November 19, 1794, and ratified by the U. S. Congress in 1795 the Treaty settled disagreements and distress between the United States and Great Britain. Both countries had unresolved issues remaining since violations occurred from the Treaty of Paris of 1783. England refused to evacuate the frontier forts in the Northwest Territory; and in addition seized American ships forcing American soldiers to participate in EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s war with France. The United States passed navigation laws that were to potentially damage England. It was because the commercial war between the U. S. and England that it was no question that both countries would suffer economically from the lack of trade. It was apparent that the American economies health would cripple especially because the war. John Jay then went to England to negotiate disagreements between the two countries. With the signing of the Treaty, the regulation of commerce and navigation were underway. JayÃ¢â¬â¢s Treaty made it possible for American ships to trade with both England and France. The Treaty also allowed for the United States to have trading concessions in England and the British East Indies, along with access to the Mississippi River with BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s consent of course. Without JayÃ¢â¬â¢s Treaty America would have suffered economic wise deeply from lack of trade and would have a serious loss of mobility with ships. Exported goods were and still are a major factor in America. Not only did the Treaty help avert war, but it also helped in solving several issues left over from the Revolutionary War. Last but not least the Treaty opened and sustained 10 years of peaceful trade despite being in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars.